The earliest cancer is diagnosed, the well the probability that it will be successfully treated. With a computerized rectal test (DRE) and a blood test for prostate-explicit antigen (PSA) prostate cancer may be diagnosed early before signs arise.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
In the 1970s, the PSA test was built at Roswell Park and is still in use around the world. It’s a way to spot prostate cancer as it can be treated more easily in the early stages. The cure rate for prostate cancer has risen from around 4 percent to 80 percent since the test was first implemented. PSA is a protein that is produced by the prostate organ. When a man has prostate cancer, an illness, or benign prostatic enlargement, a disorder which is not cancer, PSA levels in the blood rise. A lesser quantity of blood is taken from the arm to administer the procedure and analyzed to determine the amount of PSA that it contains. It may be important to identify some prostate cancer forms early. Elevated PSA outcomes may expose prostate cancer that is likely spread to other areas of the body, or may reveal a quickly developing cancer that may trigger other problems.
Until it becomes life-threatening or develops severe effects, early care may aid in catching cancer. Identifying cancer early in certain cases means that you may require less intensive therapy, Consequently, decreasing the chances of certain consequences, such as erectile brokenness and incontinence.
Pros of PSA Screening
- Screening for PSA may aid you to diagnose prostate cancer timely.
- Malignancy is easy to treat and, if treated early, is most prospective to be healed.
- With a simple, readily available blood test, PSA testing can be performed.
- Knowing is easier for certain men than not knowing. A small level of assurance. Since PSA tests became available, The quantity of prostate disease death’s has dropped.
Cons of PSA Screening
- Any prostate cancers develop steadily and never expand past the prostate gland, which means they don’t need medication.
- Prostate cancers do not require treatment. There are complications and side effects of prostate cancer therapy, these include urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction or dysfunction of the intestines.
- Tests for PSA are not foolproof. If cancer is not active, PSA levels should be elevated and should not be raised while cancer is existing.
- A prostate cancer diagnosis may cause anxiety and uncertainty. Worrying cancer will not be dangerous may make it tough to make decisions.
American Cancer Society (ACS)
The ACS advises that men meet with their physicians to make a PSA research recommendation. According to the ACS, men should examine the dangers and advantages of the PSA test from age 50 onwards if they are at medium threat of prostate malignancy, at age 45 if they are at moderate risk, and If they are at extremely high risk at the age of 40 years (those with a few first-degree family members who had the prostate disease at an early age).
- Roswell Park Website – Early Detection: Digital Rectal Exam & PSA Test